With blockchain technology, we can put all the information about the entire cycle of agricultural events, including soil monitoring, onto blockchain to enable transparent and trusted source of information for the farmers.
Blockchain Integrated Agricultural Systems (BIAS) with blockchain infrastructure are immutable and distributed ledger systems for record management, baseline agricultural environmental data integrity is safeguarded for those who participate in transparent data management. This paper reviewed blockchain-based concepts associated with blockchain integrated based technology. Moreover, a model blockchain integrated agriculture system with a blockchain infrastructure is proposed for use at the local and regional scale. To determine context specific technical and social requirements of blockchain technology for blockchain integrated agriculture systems, an evaluation tool is presented. The proposed system and tool can be evaluated and applied to further developments of blockchain integrated agricultural systems.
In recent years, agricultural environmental monitoring initiatives have adopted a broad range of BIAS-based technologies such as the remote monitoring applied BIAS based techniques in irrigation systems to enhance irrigation system and agricultural water management system efficiencies. Tapestry along with our technology development partners have developed a smartphone application for users to access soil moisture deficit data and weather measurements through an online evapo-transpiration-based irrigation scheduling tool. This system can also observe soil moisture content, nutrient content, and the soil pH of agricultural areas. The proposed system is based upon a IoT wireless sensor network (IWSN) based algorithm with a novel dynamic converge cast tree algorithm (DCTA) in orchid greenhouses for achieving high-precision cultivation of orchids. Tapestry along with our technology development partners have developed an BIAS-based monitoring system to access the real-time risk of soil and irrigation water contamination in a pilot area for agricultural planning using a hierarchical management strategy.
The major purposes of agricultural environmental monitoring systems include supporting early warning systems, and measuring baseline data that policy makers and resources managers can use in planning. Yet, bias is an ‘inherent human-related challenge’ that propagates to group bias among groups of like-minded individuals. For example, stakeholders’ biases and preferences correlate highly with the mission of their represented organizations. In a study about environmental and energy applications of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis showed that the most important factor affecting objective prioritization biases are the people involved in the decision-making process. NGOs can also demonstrate bias by putting disproportionate focus on an issue relative to other comparable issues. Our study explains why governments bias capital-intensive large agriculture systems to maximize inexpensive food supplies from rural agriculture to urban infrastructure, where the majority of elected officials’ constituents reside. By distributing database management among a greater number of actors, and making system wide data manipulation more difficult, baseline agricultural environmental data integrity is maintained–safeguarded from the biases or the fraudulent activity of any individual group of farmers, NGOs, stakeholders, consumers, and decision makers.
Since blockchain technology eliminates a single point of failure, increased data transparency and immutability will transform current economic organization and governance. Blockchain competitiveness and cost-effectiveness are likely to increase following three laws: Moore’s law, i.e., time required for data processing halves every 18 months; Kryder’s Law, i.e., data storage halves every year; and Nielsen’s Law, bandwidth doubles every two years. Because blockchain can facilitate various transactions and processes as a democratizing framework for a system of distributed networks, BIAS agriculture with a blockchain infrastructure is the evolutionary next step for current BIAS enabled farm systems and e-agriculture schemes. While the internet allows us to share digitized information, the internet of things (IoT) yields much BIAS data currently stored in databases or networked databases with centralized cloud computing architecture. With blockchain, however, agricultural and environmental monitoring data stored in a distributed cloud allows us to engineer trust and secure sustainable agricultural development with transparent data and BIAS.
In this way, blockchain technology is the foundation for democratized, automatic, and transparent data management. BIAS agricultural systems with blockchain infrastructures are therefore immutable and decentralized record management systems. Moreover, this immutability may revolutionize the way all biophysical resources are recorded and traced from source, to use, to reuse in large scale data sets, and may ensure government record and service integrity.
Tapestry Global Enterprises, LLC is focused on Blockchain/IoT/AI integrated solutions via the BIAS architecture that allows growers to monitor irrigation, soil quality, pests, and other factors on a precise scale in the field as well as take full advantage OF Excalibur Technology's full catalog of remediation products . After harvest, there are initiatives to use sensors to track the quality of stored crops. For example, CO2 and temperature sensors in grain silos can track the quality of stored grain over time.
Of course, each of these sensors produces records that need to be tied together into a cohesive ledger that can update in real time. IOTA is one such project focused on bringing distributed ledgers, similar to blockchain, into the realm of IoT devices to operate a secure, global database for all device information.
The ultimate goal is to digitize and automate as much as possible when it comes to agricultural record-keeping and quality control. Sensors gather data automatically in real-time so that when a grower needs information, it’s just a click away. Many aspects of this are happening now in agriculture, allowing growers to provide precise irrigation based on rainfall, custom fertilization tailored to changes in soil quality, and targeted pest control measures in response to an emerging outbreak.
Exyst Life is helping Blockchain come to agriculture in a big way. It will make it easier to track, manage, and transact in all kinds of agricultural assets, from crops, to inventory, to precision data. When blockchain comes, however, you might not even notice it. Blockchain is a low-level, behind the scenes technology that creates secure databases. Apps and software that implement blockchain will look and feel the same as applications growers are using right now. The difference is that blockchain opens a wealth of potential new options for collecting data and automating farm management. These new blockchain-powered features could come sooner than you think and without you even realizing it’s blockchain.
To learn more about how Exyst Life can integrate Tapestry's the BIAS architecture into your existing agricultural project, please contact us today for more information.